The annual number of drownings that occur in the United States during recreational boating has changed little over the past decade. Approximately 3.56 people drown per 100,000 registered boats, even though the law requires all recreational boats to carry life jackets.
Do you always wear your life jacket? Why or why not? Researchers wanted to understand the reasons why adults might not wear life jackets while recreational boating. The results can inform intervention strategies and boating safety campaigns.
Researchers in the state of Washington conducted a survey with 675 boaters one year during late summer and early fall at multiple boat ramps. Some boaters participated as they were leaving the dock after being out on the water. The researchers analyzed the data by separating the boaters into groups based on life jacket usage rates and compared usage to such factors as age, gender, weather, boating experience, type of vessel, and several other factors.
Scientists found several reasons associated with not wearing a life jacket, including discomfort with the life jacket, alcohol consumption, warm weather, and swimming experience in open water. The restriction or limited range of motion that typical life jackets provide was a prominent factor. Study participants were more likely to use inflatable life vests, because the boaters considered them more comfortable. Also, because the law requires children to wear life jackets, researchers observed that their parents were more likely to wear life jackets, perhaps in order to set a good example. Scientists also found that boaters who attended a boating safety class were more likely to wear a life jacket.
The researchers found that only 1 in 10 boaters in the study wore a life jacket during the entire recreational boating trip.
Summary compiled by Anna Greene and Scott Baker
Lead photo by Roger Winstead
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